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Epoxying garage floors prevents staining and keeps them looking clean and spot free. It eliminates chipping and cracking as well. Epoxy is extremely versatile and can be used to protect all types of surfaces, including wood. Using epoxy on wood and other porous surfaces protects them from permanent damage.
It is important to give concrete time to cure before you apply the epoxy. Most companies recommend 30-60 days before applying any type of surface protectant. Use a broom and shop vac to thoroughly clean the floor and remove any dirt or dust particles. A non-corrosive, organic salt compound should be used to clean and degrease the floor before using a floor machine to etch the surface of the concrete. Apply the degreaser with a stiff bristled brush for a deep cleaning. Using a professional grade floor machine such as a shot blaster or carbide diamond grinder creates a rough surface that is much easier for the epoxy to adhere to.
Before applying an epoxy sealant you will need to carefully go over the floor and repair any cracks, holes or breaks in the concrete. Once the floor is properly prepared, you will need to mix the epoxy using a drill motor and wand mixer attachment. Kits can be purchased that include the needed attachments or you can buy epoxy kits that only include the epoxy materials.
Although most types of epoxy will seal small imperfections, you will want to take care of any hairline cracks and major problems that may eventually get worse. Once you fill the cracks and apply the epoxy, the material will naturally self-level itself and create a smooth, even surface.
To sufficiently cover any type of surface properly, you will need to know how large the area is and the right amount of epoxy to do the job. You will also have to take into consideration the type of surface being covered. Porous surfaces can absorb up to twice as much as it takes to cover a non-porous surface. You can epoxy garage floor surfaces made from almost any material.
Once you know what type of surface you are covering, the next step is to properly measure the area. Because epoxy comes in several different sizes, you may have to purchase various sizes of containers to make sure the entire surface area is accounted for.
Two different materials are mixed together to make the epoxy harden. Because it hardens in a short period of time, you will have to work quickly, according to the manufacturer's specifications. Mix the smaller Part B hardener container into the larger amount of Part A epoxy resin and mix them together for exactly two minutes. Immediately pour the epoxy onto the surface, spread the epoxy with a serrated squeegee, then roll out the epoxy. Epoxy is self-leveling and will create a smooth, unblemished surface.
The most important thing to remember when applying epoxy is to take your time when preparing the surface. A poorly prepared surface area will create blemishes and imperfections that can mar the look of the floor. This is especially true if using epoxy on a porous surface such as wood.
When applying the epoxy, work quickly but carefully. Going too slow will give the epoxy time to harden before it can be properly spread over the entire area. Make sure when you begin the pouring process, nothing will be able to distract you from the task at hand.